of Terms (N - Z)
National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing
Prison visitations in which visitor and inmates are denied any physical
contact, and are separated either by a glass partition or mesh screens.
Programs that, as an alternative to incarceration, provide intensive
services to persons who live at home and report to programs on a
An individual convicted or adjudicated of a criminal offence.
The status of an offender conditionally released from prison prior
to expiration of his/her sentence on the condition of supervision
by a parole officer.
Pat down search
To search a person for something by running hands over the clothing
and through the pockets.
An agreement entered into by a prosecutor and a defendant whereby
concessions generally are made (such as reduced charges or sentences)
in return for a guilty plea.
Programs designed to prepare inmates for community life and provide
assistance with related issues.
A confinement facility for offenders sentenced to more than one
year, administered by the state, federal government, or a private
A person in physical custody in a local, state, or federal confinement
A court-ordered conditional freedom of an adjudicated person, through
which the convicted adult offender is placed under the supervision
and care of a probation field staff member, as long as the offender
meets certain standards of conduct.
An attorney employed by a government agency or subunit or by a private
organization under contract to a unit of government, for the purpose
of providing legal services to defendants unable to hire private
Random testing (for drugs and alcohol)
Testing of urine and blood of randomly selected prisoners for presence
of drugs and alcohol in order to discourage use and identify those
that may benefit from treatment programs.
The repeated occurrence of any of the following events in the overall
criminal justice process, for an individual: commission of a crime,
arrest, charge, conviction, sentencing, incarceration.
A person who has been convicted on one or more crimes and who is
alleged to have subsequently committed another crime or series of
An approach to offender management in which an attempt is made to
change the offenders criminal behavior through appropriate
A model of treatment whose goal is to return the offender to the
community as a productive citizen who can handle problems using
Relapse prevention programs
Programs which seek to help the offender remain drug or alcohol
free by teaching them the process of recovery and relapse and how
to recognize and manage relapse warning signs.
A court requirement that an offender pay money or provide services
to the victim of the crime or provide services to the community.
The penalty imposed by a court upon a convicted person.
An examination of an inmates/residents/visitors
naked body for weapons or contraband.
A program or therapy provided to an offender for diagnosed substance
abuse or physical or mental disorder by an agency or individual
licensed or certified to perform such services.
Programs which promote a sober and drug-free lifestyle by providing
a fellowship of individuals who share their experiences to recover
from a common addiction. These programs are based on voluntary participation
and are nationally available.
A person who has suffered death, physical or mental suffering, or
loss of property as the result of an actual or attempted criminal
offense committed by another person.
Victim/offender mediation program
Victim offender mediation and reconciliation program involves a
face-to-face meeting, in the presence of a trained mediator, between
an individual who has been victimized and the perpetrator. Through
this process crime victims are given an opportunity to have their
questions answered and restitution and emotional needs met. The
person responsible for the crime is held accountable for his/her
actions and given an opportunity to make things right.
A formal arrangement sanctioned by law whereby an inmate is released
into the community to maintain approved and regular employment.
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