(A - M)
Adult community residential service
A community-based program that provides a group residence for probationers,
parolees, and other residents in incarcerated status. Also
provides services on a non-residential basis. (also referred to
as halfway house). Residents are allowed extensive contact with
Adult correctional institution
A confinement facility, usually operated by state or federal agency,
that has custodial authority over sentenced adults, when a sentence
to confinement is for more than one year.
Post-release supervision and treatment program for juveniles. The
term is sometimes used for other programs that provide support and
services during the reentry into community of inmates from jails
A sentence that may include community service or victim restitution
or any other court ruling other than incarceration.
Alternates to incarceration
Programs in corrections that involve probation, parole, early release,
work release, and halfway houses, as opposed to imprisonment.
Anger management programs
Treatment programs which help individuals identify circumstances
which trigger anger, train them in how to reduce the anger, and
ways to change the behaviors that bring about the anger.
Chemically diverse but pharmacologically similar class of drugs
used to diminish symptoms of schizophrenic, paranoid, schizoaffective
and other psychotic disorders, as well as manic-depressive disorders.
Preteens and teenagers that live in areas with high incidences of
poverty, crime, teenage pregnancy, alcohol/drug abuse, and similar
indicators, which are associated with criminal involvement, and
may lead to a criminal life style.
The cash or bond that is provided by the defendant to assure that
he or she will appear at a further criminal proceedings and submit
to the jurisdiction and judgment of the court.
An act of physical, sexual or psychological abuse and cruelty which
affect a childs physical or mental well-being.
Approach to therapy in which the attempt is made to change the offenders
cognition, attitudes, values and expectations that maintain their
antisocial behavior. Therapy involves training in problem
solving, reasoning, self-control, and self-instruction.
Cognitive skills training
Training which teaches offenders techniques in creative thinking,
empathy, communication, problem solving, critical thinking, and
abstract reasoning. Goal is to increase self-esteem and decrease
Programs that deal with offenders in the community. Those programs
often involve work release, home detention, probation/parole, pretrial
release, community services, and restitution.
Community residential programs
Correctional programs housing residents in structures from which
the residents are allowed to depart, unaccompanied by any officials,
for the purpose of employment or community service.
A voluntary statement made by a person admitting to behavior that
constitutes the offense of which he or she is accused. May be verbal
or written statement.
Unsupervised visits between inmate and their spouses, usually over
weekend, which permit sexual contact.
Prison visitations that permit visitors and inmates to have limited
degree of non-sexual physical contact, such as hand holding, while
Personnel who directly supervise inmates in prison (COs).
Corrections are the official response by the criminal justice agencies
to the punishment of convicted offender.
Process of determining the whereabouts of all offenders in a correctional
environment by physically counting them. Counts are conducted
several times a day and all activities usually stop until all offenders
Legal or physical control of or responsibility for a , child, adult,
Actions or conducts by a juvenile that violate criminal law and
result in status offence.
Department of corrections
Government agency that is responsible for overseeing the work and
operations of correctional facilities and programs, and is headed
by an appointed director who develops policy.
To discourage or restrain from future criminal behavior, both individually
The psychological, physical, emotional and/or sexual abuse of one
family or household member by another which may include public humiliation,
verbal assault, and financial control.
Long-term, pathological use of drugs, which may be forbidden by
law, characterized by daily intoxication, inability to reduce consumption,
and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
Individual that is physiologically or psychologically dependent
on an addictive substance.
The state of psychological or physiological dependency on a drug
after a prolonged period of use.
Offences committed in relation to drug use, to financially support
drug dependency, or committed while under the influence of drugs.
Drug treatment programs
Programs for individuals with drug-dependency, which may provide
counseling, rehabilitation and social services in addition to detoxification
or methadone treatment.
Release process that includes early parole or sentence reduction
for certain offenders, in order to reduce overcrowding in accordance
with court imposed population caps.
EBD (Emotional or Behavioral Disorders)
Involves an established pattern characterized by aggressive or impulsive
behaviors, withdrawal or anxiety, pervasive unhappiness, depression
or wide mood swings, severely disordered thought processes manifested
by unusual behavior patterns, atypical communication styles or distorted
interpersonal relationships. The established pattern adversely affects
education performance and results in failure to attain or maintain
a educational or developmental progress.
Programs that involve formal academic education or a vocational
training, designed to improve employment capability of an inmate.
Proof of fact(s) presented at a trial which tends to indicate the
innocence of a defendant and to which defendant it entitled.
An individual who is no longer under supervision of the criminal
An action by a landlord that compels a tenant to leave the premises
(as by rendering the premises unfit for occupancy), with or without
physical expulsion or legal process involved.
A place, institution, building, or area, that is used for the lawful
physical custody and/or treatment of individuals.
The process of reuniting an offender with his or her family on or
prior to release, or reunification of a child with his/her family
after the child was places in foster care.
A criminal offence that is punishable by death or by incarceration
in a state or federal prison, generally for a year or more.
Violent felonies include murder, rape, abduction, and robbery.
First Time Offender
A law violator who is prosecuted for the first time.
A community placement for juveniles which provides a substitute
family setting. They offer juveniles the privacy and intimacy
of family life with less supervision.
A model of counseling based on group processes as a framework for
problem solving, social interaction and human learning.
A non-confining residential facility designed to help rehabilitate
adults or juveniles, or those subject to criminal or juvenile proceedings.
It is intended to provide an alternative to confinement and probation,
and also to be used by the released inmates during the period of
readjustment to the community after confinement.
Affordable and safe temporary lodging for inmate families during
their visits to prisons. Usually offering overnight lodging, information,
and support to families visiting loved ones in prison.
A confinement of a defendant or probationer to prison, penitentiary,
An individual confined in a correctional facility, whether in pretrial,
unsentenced or sentenced status.
Interstate transfer of prisoners (Compact)
The Interstate Compact for the supervision of Parolees and Probationers
is a legal
agreement between the fifty states, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin
Islands. The Compact was established to allow for travel and relocation
to other states and territories when to do so would improve the
employment and social situation of the parolee or probationer and
would further their rehabilitation process.
A confinement facility intended for adults, but sometimes also containing
juveniles, usually administered by a local law enforcement agency.
It holds persons pending adjucation and /or persons committed after
adjudication for sentences of a year or less.
An individual subject to juvenile court proceedings for purposes
of adjucation and treatment based on age and offense limitations
as defined by state law.
Life skills program
Educational programs that provide inmates with practical knowledge
on employability, job searching skills, consumer skills, use of
community resources, health and safety skills, parenting and family
skills, and civic skills.
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